Monthly Archives: March 2012

An interview with Ivy Alvarez

Ivy Alvarez was born in the Philippines and grew up in Australia. Her work has appeared in anthologies and journals around the world, with individual poems translated into Russian, Japanese, Spanish and Korean. Now Ivy lives in Cardiff where she runs poetry workshops and is the editor of The Private Press, which publishes handmade chapbooks. Her book Mortal was published by Red Morning Press in 2006.

Your first collection Mortal started with the Greek myth of Demeter and Persephone

When did you first hear this story?

My interest in fairy tales, biblical stories, myths and legends stem from childhood. I was very much a reader even then.  I can’t exactly recall when I first discovered the Demeter and Persephone myth in particular. Quite likely it was around that time or pretty much soon after arriving in Australia when I was ten years old.

What was it about this story which captured your imagination?

Photograph taken by Rachael Duncan

The one element in the story of Demeter and Persephone that always sticks with me is the detail of the pomegranate seeds and how everything can be undone by overlooking something so simple and almost trivial. It’s also not a little maddening. They would’ve escaped Hades, if only Persephone hadn’t taken the seeds! Still, I can understand the action. It is an all-too-human mistake.

When I first read it, I had no idea what a pomegranate looked like, though. It’s not very common where I grew up, either in the Philippines or in Tasmania. Knowing it as I do now, the closest approximation I have would be the guava, though in my book, I use the aratilis (Muntingia calabura) to replace the mythical fruit.

Persephone’s story has been used throughout history by poets like Tennyson and artists like Rossetti and Bernini

How did you alter it to make it your own?

The Demeter and Persephone myth provides a solid framework for Mortal and is a microcosmic version of Dee and Seph’s story. In the book, Persephone becomes Seph, Demeter, Dee. The name-change, switching from the formal to a casual nickname, demarcates a splitting-off from the mythical characters. These are now not gods — merely a mother and daughter.

Another sign of this myth-disruption can be found in the prose poem ‘The Abduction of Demeter’, which begins: ‘This time it is Demeter Hades wants.’ This poem forms part of the Demeter and Persephone sequence in Mortal. I envisioned this sequence as a tapestry painting, depicting a story which, when transposed onto the modern lives of Dee and Seph, shows the differences and similarities between past and present.

What was the inspiration for the title of Mortal? How does the collection deal with issues of mortality?

I love it when a word has a multiplicity of meanings, and especially when these meanings contradict each other. ‘Mortal’ is one such word. The poems in the book address these definitions one way or another and the theme of gods and mortals threads its way through some of them.

How does the collection deal with issues of mortality? I’m not sure the book completely resolves the many issues surrounding that question. All one can do is tell a story and hope that, in the telling, one can gain an understanding of why it is mortals have to die and gods can live forever.

In the myth Demeter’s grief after the loss of her daughter is particularly painful 

How special is the bond between a mother and daughter?

The question — what would it be like if they die before I do? — probably floats through one’s mind, as either a parent or a child, at one time or another. This is the yawning chasm nobody wants to look into too closely.

How can one come to grips with such an emotionally loaded topic? One turns to the past. A mythical character’s grief happens at a remove. There is the paper. There is the ink. There is the story of what they’re feeling. Here I am on the other side of the page, reading about it. The myth helps one understand, brings it closer into focus, and so create order from chaos.

 Have you had different responses to the book in different parts of the world? 

One notable response to the book comes from readers whose relationships with their mothers are, I gather, somewhat strained or non-existent.

To these readers, I guess a mother-daughter relationship where the mother is clearly distraught at the loss of her daughter, as depicted in the myth, must seem foreign and unrecognisable. I must admit, it interests me, this reaction, and its difference from what I usually encounter.

Do you think your travel experiences have benefited you as a writer?

In May 2011, I received an invitation to give poetry readings in Seoul, Korea as part of Cordite’s Oz-Ko Poetry Tour. One way I tried to comprehend this life-changing experience is through writing a short series of strange prose poems. I find these personally intriguing because they feel so unlike my previous work.

Anything that shakes me out of my writing habits is to be highly prized, I feel. Travel definitely provides that jolt.

Snowdonia, taken by dringer

What do you think about Welsh culture and writing?

Cardiff’s cultural energy is hard to quantify or describe but it’s undeniable. It’s there. It has a quiet confidence in its own identity, one that’s not strident or self-important. I admire that.

When I first arrived in Cardiff, it felt familiar. The climate reminds me a lot of Hobart, where I grew up. It shares a similar topography: both have a river running through it, both have access to mountains and hills.

I think having a sense of the familiar helps provide some foundation. Wales is where I’ve lived the longest outside of Australia and it feels very stable to me. People here are the closest to the Australian level of laidback that I’ve seen. And I’ve written more here than anywhere else.

I’ve heard you’re writing a second book, can you tell me more about this?

I first had the idea for my second book in 2004, while I was in the middle of trying to get Mortal published. It is about a man who kills his wife, his son and then himself, leaving a daughter as the sole survivor.

I envisaged the work as a novel-like poem, a long poem made up of many poems, all telling the story of this terrible crime. It quickly became an obsession with me. I completed it in early 2011, so that’s about seven years, which is a long time to be living with such dark material. I admit to feeling quite emotional when I finished it.

I’m very excited about it. It’s quite an incredible accomplishment for me and I’m really looking forward to the day when it is published and other people can read it, too.

Ivy has her own website which you can see by clicking here


Cathy Farr on fantasy writing and dog walking

Author Cathy Farr would certainly agree with the saying a dog is man’s best friend. Her Irish wolfhound, Finn, has been a constant companion for four years and also inspired her first novel Moon Chase.

In Cathy’s story the villagers of Thesk, a wild and dangerous fantasy land, rely on the protection of the Fell men and their hounds to defend them against the Wraithe Wolves. For Cathy, having Finn allowed her to picture this world and the personality of the hounds.

Copyright: Monique Green

“People who know wolfhounds describe them as people, they always have a knowing expression,” said Cathy. “He watches me as though he’s trying to understand me.”

At nine foot long, Finn attracts plenty of attention during his walks with Cathy in Cosmeston Park, near their home in Dinas Powys. These trips provide exercise for Finn and inspiration for Cathy.

“When I get blocked and I haven’t got an idea I go to Cosmeston,”said Cathy. “There’s a bit at the back which is a bit barren and it’s great to get a feel of what the fells in Moon Chase might be like.

“If I go down to Cosmeston everybody wants to know about the book and about Finn. It’s really nice, I answer all their questions.”

Finn is also popular when Cathy visits local schools to talk about her book. Last month he accompanied Cathy to twenty different schools in Cardiff and the Vale of Glamorgan. During these visits Cathy shares her passion for writing and reading with pupils.

“When I go to schools I’m really glad to see how many children are aspiring to be writers,” she said. “The book is especially popular with young boys.

“It’s very fast and pacy, it includes bows and arrows and big horses running around. The story grabs them and they keep reading.

“I wasn’t very good at English, I wasn’t that widely read. But I used to pore over song lyrics. The first novel I read was Wuthering Heights and I only read it because of the song. Kate Bush inspired me to read, you never know what’s going to kick people into reading.”

Cathy’s second book, Moon Crossing, follows on from Moon Chase and will be published between May and July. To write this Cathy used a technique called free-writing, each chapter was written spontaneously as the story gained momentum and characters came to life.

“I just find it easier to go with the story,”said Cathy. “It comes out of my head when I’m writing it.

“There are bits in the book I didn’t know would happen until they happened. When I started Moon Crossing I had a specific idea of what the end was going to be. But when I got there I realised there were far more stories than I had intended. That scene is in the middle of the book now.”

This month Cathy received a draft front cover for Moon Crossing, which she is hoping will help to make her book stand out on the shelves.

Moon Chase happens in the night-time so the cover is dark and black,” she said. “The second story is set in a big town. There’s a lot of fire and gold is mentioned, so the cover is orange and gold. It should jump out at you.

“I’ve left it open-ended again. I have the opportunity for a third book, but I don’t know if there will be any more. I didn’t think there was going to be a second book, so I don’t want to promise anything yet.”

Cathy has her own website which you can see by clicking here

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Author David Wagner releases his autobiography

The life of a 70-year-old author, who survived years of childhood poverty, has proved to be golden material for an autobiography.

David Wagner’s new book Boy tells of life on the road with his mother Dolly since the age of six, after they were evicted from their home in Regent Street, Barry.

“History is usually written for the rich and famous and I thought it’s time it was written for the impoverished,” said David, who was signing copies of his book at AB Snell and Son, Penarth, last weekend.

“We slept rough anywhere we could find to shelter from the rain,” he said. “I’ve lived in bug ridden slums, that’s the sort of squalor I have encountered.”

After a period in the workhouse David and his mother, a former concert pianist, left and began travelling around the country looking for housekeeping or manual work, in Wales, South England and the Midlands.

“I was never in any place more than a few months,” said David. “You couldn’t look forward to next week. My mother was a very determined woman, she would go anywhere and try anything.”

Set in the 1940’s and 1950’s Boy tells the story of the first 15 years of David’s life. “It’s a world which has disappeared now,” he said. “I used to busk in pubs at the age of ten blacked up as Al Jolson, people didn’t think anything of it then.

“I have tried to introduce the next generation to it through the book. I’ve been telling these stories to my friends for years. People are very kind, they’ve said they found it fascinating.”

Boy includes David’s recollection of characters he met during his childhood, including a pig breeder with a glass eye from Pontllanfraith and a foster father with one leg.

“He took us in when my mother spent a year in hospital,” said David. “He had a smoke house and used to hunt rabbits. I never met my father, my foster father was the closest I had. He would do anything to keep the family provided for.”

Without a formal education, David learned to read from his mother and by reading his favourite author, Dickens. “Dickens was my tutor, I learned my English from him,” said David. “My mother, when she had pennies spare, she would buy me a book. Second to food was a book.”

Boy, which took a year to write, has the same title as Roald Dahl’s childhood memoirs. “My foster father used to call me boy, it was my second name,” said David. “I was called boy more often than I was called David. It was only after I discovered Dahl had called his book boy too.”

Now secretary for Barry Arts Centre, David settled in Penarth 35 years when he met his wife Pamela. “She was a good influence on me, I became respectable,” said David. “I never felt hard done by. That’s the way it was, you survived.”

David’s book can be purchased on Amazon or at AB Snell and Son. He has already started work on a sequel, Lad, which will detail the adventures of his later working life.

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